Tire Guide:All-Season vs. Winter vs. Summer Tires

Jessica Shea Choksey | Jul 30, 2020

The type of tire your car wears should be dependent on the general climate and conditions in which you drive daily. 

Car tire guide - summer, winter, and all-season

There are three primary tire categories to choose from: summer, winter, and all-season. Each differs with respect to rubber composition as well as tread depth and pattern. Selecting the correct tire for your vehicle will have implications on performance (braking and cornering), safety, and ride comfort.

Briefly, these are the characteristics of each type of tire:

  • Summer tires: Designed for maximum grip and handling when road conditions are dry and overall temperatures are relatively warm 
  • Winter tires: Intended for use in cold weather conditions such as snow, ice, and slush 
  • All-season tires: Possess attributes of both summer and winter tires and perform well in rainy conditions. They are a versatile choice for warm and cool climates, but not ideal for extreme conditions in either direction

Summer Tires

As the name suggests, summer tires are made for warm weather conditions and are designed to provide maximum grip for superior vehicle handling.

Looking at the tread features of a summer tire, the primary characteristic is the wide and continuous center channel which helps maintain straight-line stability, while parallel grooves help resist hydroplaning by evacuating water in wet conditions. On the outer edge of the tire, there is a large contact area to grip more of the road during cornering and directional changes. And the tread depth of summer tires is typically shallower than other tire types, which enhances steering feel and responsiveness but also results in more frequent tire replacement. 

When it comes to rubber composition, the summer tire has a physical compound that is intended for temperatures generally above 40 degrees Fahrenheit. Summer tires tend to have the stickiest compounds among the three tire types, giving them the most grip and best braking performance on wet/dry surfaces. But in colder temperatures, a summer tire’s compound may begin to harden and lose traction, increasing the risk of slipping or skidding on the road surface.

Winter Tires

Winter tires are designed to be sure-footed in snow, ice, and slush. They are appropriate for temperatures under 40 degrees Fahrenheit. Of the three tire types, winter tires offer the softest, most comfortable overall ride feel for occupants, but their tread pattern can produce extra road noise on dry pavement.

Compared to the summer tire, the tread pattern of the winter tire looks much more intricate. Winter tires have deep grooves for holding compacted snow, which improves grip by creating snow-on-snow traction. Expectedly, the braking distance for winter tires on snow is much shorter than other tire types. Also, winter tires have tiny zig-zag slits – called sipes – all over the inner section of the tread pattern to help create a biting edge for traction in different directions.

The rubber compound of a winter tire is soft and remains flexible even in sub-zero temperatures. Because of this softness and pliability, using winter tires in warmer temperatures will cause them to wear quickly.

All-Season Tires

All-season tires are meant for climates that experience all four seasons to mild degrees. They offer versatility and dependable handing in wet, dry, and light snow-covered roadways. Of the three tire types, they offer the smoothest ride.

From a tread perspective, an all-season tire looks like a combination of a summer tire and a winter tire. Similar to the summer tire, the outer edge of the tread is designed to enhance cornering grip. And like the winter tire, you’ll find sipes along the inner part of the tire to enhance through snow and slush, while wide grooves help water to evacuate when driving in rain.

The rubber composition of the all-season tire generally splits the difference between a winter tire and a summer tire, so it can remain relatively flexible in freezing temperatures but also provide the rigidity to be effective in warmer climates.

Making the Choice

For those who live in areas where extreme weather is seasonally common, alternating between two sets of tires – winter for the cold months, summer for the warm months – may make the most sense. This ensures optimal performance and safety throughout the year.

For car owners in warm climates who enjoy spirited driving and never head to the cold, summer tires are the recommended choice.

But for those who live in regions that don’t experience harsh winter conditions and the seasons are relatively mild, all-season tires may be the most convenient and practical choice for year-round use.

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