How to Moor Your Boat the Right Way

How To Moor A Boat

While out and about on your personal watercraft, there comes a time when you need to “park” your boat. There are a handful of ways to do this, all of which are considered mooring. If you’re new to boating, however, then it is vital that you learn how to moor a boat the right way.

What Exactly Is Mooring?

Mooring is both a noun and a verb. A mooring is a fixed structure that you can secure your vessel to, such as a buoy or a wharf. Jetties, quays, and piers are also included in this category. The ropes, chains, or anchors you use are also considered moorings.

As a verb, it is the action of mooring your boat using these structures and tools. Mooring is a popular way to park your boat long-term as well as a more financially viable option. However, there are a few risks you should know about beforehand.

Considering today’s power boat prices, it’s worth knowing when to moor and when to simply dock. More so, improper mooring can cause severe damage to your vessel as well as any ships nearby. Even with the best of insurance, that’s a hassle most cannot afford.

Types of Mooring

Different moorings are designed for various types of weather and water conditions. Take the simple concrete block, for instance. This type offers the least hold but comes in handy on calm waters for short periods of time. Then there’s the helical anchor, which is screwed into the ocean floor and meant to keep your vessel safe during the toughest of storms.

Knowing which type of mooring to use in varying situations is essential to protecting your investment. Luckily, the differences don’t require a degree to understand. Think of moorings on a scale from light to heavy, or weakest to strongest. Specifically, you need to know the weight of the anchor.

The Anchor

Lighter vessels in calmer waters benefit from Danforth anchors, which dig into the bottom of hard sand and mud to hold recreational vessels. Massive navy vessels utilize a Kedge or Navy anchor for the immense weight it provides while cruising vessels use plow-style anchors for their versatility.

The most common type of mooring anchor is the mushroom, which can weigh up to several thousand pounds. Their shape also creates an added suction to the bottom of the sea floor, so long as it is soft. These are usually attached to buoys.

When learning how to moor a boat, the type of anchor you use is step one. How these anchors dig into the seabed, and their weight are vital to keeping your vessel secure. The price of a quality anchor suited to your usual boating waters should always be factored into the cost of your ship, which you can determine with a boat payment calculator.

The Gear

Equally as important to the anchor you use is the gear you connect your vessel with. That starts with galvanized chain in two forms: heavy and lightweight. The heavy chain connects to the anchor via a galvanized shackle and rests on the ocean floor. Its length is equal to 1.5 times the water’s depth, adding a significant amount of weight to the mooring.

The lightweight chain connects to the heavier chain with a swivel shackle. This chain is lifted by a buoy in most cases, allowing the motion of the water to rock the chain but not your boat. The light chain’s length is equal to the maximum depth of the water you’re in.

Next is the buoy itself, which absorbs motion from the waves and wind while bringing your chain to the surface. You don’t always need a buoy, but using one is highly recommended when mooring for the safety of your ship.

Finally, there’s a mooring pennant. This rope is made from three-strand nylon and connects your boat’s hitch to the buoy. Pennants are made from various materials for different purposes, as well. Double-braid polyester provides extra strength, Dyneema line is used in high-performance situations like commercial fishing, and stainless-steel wire is a budget-friendly alternative.

Regardless of which you choose to use, make sure it has a chafe-resistant coating. Chafing can cause your line to break with wear and tear, but it can also cause damage to your boat when the line rubs against the sides.

Remember to keep the connection to your hitch and the buoy relatively short, too. If the pennant is too long, you risk it whipping around in inclement weather and damaging parts of your ship. Smaller boats, for instance, risk damaging their new or used outboard motors with too long of a pennant connection.

Mooring: Step by Step

Now that you know the types of anchor and gear you need for varying conditions, here’s how to moor a boat one step at a time.

•   Check the characteristics of the ocean bottom.

•    Leave room for other boats above the water and their moorings below.

•    Secure your pennant and toss overboard.

•    Head into the direction of the wind or current.

•    Reduce speed, reverse the engine, then lower the anchor.

•    Check the sturdiness of the anchor once it reaches the bottom.

•    Double-check your pennant’s connection to your cleat/hitch.

•    Turn on the proper lights at night or display the proper signals during the day.

It’s helpful to use two immediate bearings, as well. Place them off the front and back end of your ship, allowing you to see if your boat is dragging the anchor or staying put. Plenty of boating enthusiasts moor to enjoy a day out on the water. So, this simple step allows you to ensure your safety, the boat’s, and anyone sailing with you.

Keep in mind that, in completely calm water with a lightweight boat, a chain or rope tied to something like a cinder block will do just fine in shallow waters. Non-commercial fishers use this method when possible to save cost and time. However, most ocean moorings require far more strength to keep your boat at bay.

A Note About Weather

When severe storms are on the horizon, mooring your boat isn’t always the wisest decision. Strong enough winds and current can drag your boat along with its moorings to shore. In other cases, your boat may end up wrecking into someone else’s.

While it isn’t always an option, store your boat on dry land or at a secure dock whenever possible to avoid these and other damages. Knowing how to moor a boat is highly essential to any enthusiast’s passion, but knowing when to call it a day and leave the water is even more vital.