Top 10 Most Fuel-Efficient EVs
According to media reports, by 2018, it won’t be uncommon for electric vehicles (EVs) to have driving ranges of 200 miles or more per charge. If driving a car that is eco-friendly is important to you, here’s a list of the 10 most fuel-efficient 2016 and 2017 EVs with the best driving ranges* to consider. They include small and compact cars and an MPV. If price is a concern, rest assured that, for the timebeing, a higher vehicle price still can be offset by federal tax credits and state incentives (from $2,500-$7,500).
*Current driving range estimates for the top 10 models averaging over 100 miles on a charge are provided by the EPA’s www.fueleconomy.gov site and are presented in miles-per-gallon equivalent (MPGe), where 33.7 kWh equals one gallon of gasoline.
10) (tie) 2016 Kia Soul EV
This electric compact MPV averages 105 MPGe in combined driving. The quirky electric Soul variant has a 109-horsepower motor, Lithium-ion battery, and takes advantage of regenerative braking for enhanced efficiency.
Fuel Economy Range (MPGe)—120 city/92 highway
10) (tie) 2016 Ford Focus Electric
The compact Ford Focus Electric 5-door hatchback that seats 5 also averages 105 MPGe. It is powered by a 23-kWh Lithium-ion battery that propels a 143-horsepower motor driving both front wheels.
Fuel Economy Range (MPGe)—110 city/99 highway
9) 2016 Smart Fortwo Electric Drive
The Smart Fortwo Electric coupe and convertible each average a combined 107 MPGe. The tiny, 2-seat Smart EV has been redone and is powered by a 17.6-kWh Lithium-ion battery.
Fuel Economy Range (MPGe)—122 city/93 highway
7) (tie) 2016 Fiat 500e
Fiat’s 500e small electric car, which accounts for a large share of Fiat 500 sales, is powered by a larger 30-kWh battery and achieves a combined rating of 112 MPGe.
Fuel Economy Range (MPGe)—121 city/103 highway
7) (tie) 2016 Mitsubishi i-MiEV
Mitsubishi’s i-MiEV may be the most affordable small electric car in the United States. It seats 4 and averages 112 MPGe in combined driving. It has a 16-kWh battery and can reach a claimed 80 mph with its 66-horsepower powertrain.
Fuel Economy Range (MPGe)—126 city/99 highway
6) 2017 Nissan Leaf
This compact 5-seat electric car built in Tennessee averages a slightly lower 112 MPGe (smaller 24-kWh battery pack) in combined driving than its predecessor—the 2016 Nissan Leaf, which averaged 114 MPGe. Three trim levels—S, SV, and SL—are offered and powertrain output is 107 horsepower.
Base Price—$29,875 (2016) and $30,680 (2017)
Fuel Economy Range (MPGe)—114 city/101 highway (2017 model)
Fuel Economy Range (MPGe)—126 city/101 highway (2016 model)
5) 2016 Volkswagen e-Golf
Following the company's well-publicized diesel emissions cheating debacle, VW is focusing more on its EV offerings, and the e-Golf compact averages 116 MPGe in combined driving.
Fuel Economy Range (MPGe)—126 city/105 highway
3) (tie) 2017 Chevrolet Bolt
GM’s Chevrolet lineup features two of the most range-worthy electric vehicles. The new Bolt compact EV is a snub-nosed, edgy compact electric hatchback that has received several auto enthusiast publication awards and averages 119 MPGe in combined driving. It comes in two trim levels—LT and Premier—and is powered by a 60-kWh Lithium-ion battery pack and motor that generates 200 horsepower.
Fuel Economy Range (MPGe)—128 city/110 highway
3) (tie) 2016 Chevrolet Spark EV
The 2016 Chevrolet Spark small electric “urban minicar” made in South Korea comes in two trim levels—1LT and 2LT. It averages 119 MPGe in combined driving and is available in just three states.
Fuel Economy Range (MPGe)—128 city/109 highway
2) 2017 and 2016 BMW i3
A small premium electric car that produces 170 horsepower with electric motor, available in 60 Ah, 94 Ah, and 94 Ah with Range Extender, the 2016 BMW i3 can average a super-efficient 124 MPGe with the 60 amp-hour battery on a single charge in combined city/highway driving. With the 94 amp-hour range extender, the 2017 model returns a slightly lower 118 MPGe in combined driving.
Base Price—$42,400 (2016) and $42,400 (2017)
Fuel Economy Range (MPGe)—137 city/111 highway
1) 2017 Hyundai Ioniq Electric
This 5-passenger hatchback, which is roomier than Toyota’s Prius, will average a combined 136 MPGe before needing a recharge. It will debut early next year alongside hybrid and plug-in hybrid Ioniq variants. Plans are in the works for an Ioniq Electric in 2018 to travel 200 miles before recharge, according to Automotive News. The Ioniq Electric’s 28-kWh Lithium-ion battery propels an electric motor that makes 120 horsepower and can be recharged to 80% in 24 minutes, Hyundai says.
Fuel Economy Range (MPGe)—150 city/122 highway